Madrid (Spain)
2 Dec 2019 to 13 Dec 2019
About the Event

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will be present at the Climate Change Conference (COP25) in Madrid on 2-13 December 2019, with a broad programme of its own events as well as taking part in the official activities of the meeting.
The IPCC Chair, Vice-Chairs and Co-Chairs will present the findings of the IPCC Special Reports launched in 2019 on "Climate Change and Land" and "The Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate" at events held with the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) on 4 and 5 December at 15:00-18:00.
The IPCC will also hold a side event on "Science for Policymaking" on 4 December at 13:15 - 14:45. The Co-Chairs of the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories will hold a side event on the 2019 Refinement to the 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories on 5 December at 13:15-14:45.
The IPCC Chair, the IPCC Vice-Chairs, Co-Chairs and Secretary will give a press conference on 4 December at 11:30-12:00 on the Sixth Assessment cycle.
The IPCC will have a pavilion (Hall 6) at the climate conference, where it will present around 20 events showcasing the Special Reports, the 2019 Refinement, the Sixth Assessment Report work programme, and other IPCC activities. The IPCC-WMO Science Pavilion is shared with the World Meteorological Organization and the Chilean foundation Filantropía Cortés Solari, whose support is gratefully acknowledged.
The pavilion programme is available here: http://bit.ly/IPCC_COP25_Pavilion

3 December (14:00-15:30) - Land Emissions and the Global Stocktake

This event will look at accounting methods for global GHG emissions and what countries are doing

3 December (17:45-18:30) Essential Climate Variables and Linkages to the modelling

3 December (18:30-19:30) - Challenges and Opportunities in inventorying GHG

The use of higher Tiers methodologies is an opportunity for increasing accuracy, completeness and consistency of national GHG estimates, although it poses challenges in terms of complexity of data analysis, data handling and inferential statistics. Panelists will discuss such opportunities and challenges from examples taken from actual national GHG inventories.

4 December (9:00-10:30) - Sustainable Development Compatibility with 1.5 and 2C pathways

This moderated discussion will explore the pathways of 1.5°C and 2°C, and the potential synergies and trade-offs with sustainable development dimensions. Drawing from the recent Special Reports on Global Warming of 1.5C (SR15) and Climate Change and Land (SRCCL), experts from both reports will discuss the findings on the challenges and opportunities that can be found between sustainable development and climate mitigation and adaptation.

4 December 2019 (13:15–14:45) - Science for Policymaking

The IPCC assesses thousands of scientific papers in its reports. How does it ensure that the reports are both a correct reflection of the scientific research and usable tools for sound policy development. IPCC representatives will discuss the added value that IPCC brings to the science it assesses.

5 December 2019 (9:30-11am) - Introduction to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land

The Introduction to Climate Change and Land will cover the overall themes of this Special Report to a broad audience and kick-of ‘Land’ day at the IPCC pavilion.

5 December 2019 (11:00-12:30) - Land Degradation and Desertification around the Globe

This session brings together authors and scientists from the IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land to discuss findings around land degradation and desertification. Authors and guest speakers will discuss land degradation in various regions of the world, with a focus on women and indigenous knowledge.

5 December 2019 (13:15-14:45) - 2019 Refinement, SLCF Inventory methodology and other IPCC TFI activities

The “2019 Refinement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories” has been published. Expert Meetings for methodological work on SLCF will be held in 2020-21. Major upgrading of the IPCC Inventory Software will be implemented in 2020-21.

6 December (10:30-12:00) - Unpacking the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

This session brings together authors and scientists from the IPCC Special Report on Ocean and the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate to explore the report - introducing the importance of the ocean and cryosphere systems, the services they provide to sustain human life on the planet and the key risks from climate change. The session will focus on key findings from the assessment, including climate system feedbacks, strengthening response options and interactions with sustainable development.

6 December (13:00-14:30) - Risks to Ecosystems and Human Systems from Changes in the Ocean and Cryosphere

The Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) assessed impacts and risks to ecosystems and the subsequent risks for human systems. The session will bring together authors and external experts to discuss the relevant findings from SROCC, including the loss or redistribution of biodiversity, implications for conservation, food security, human health and livelihoods, culture and identity and options for nature-based solutions. The sessions will explore risk contrasting levels of warming and the barriers and limits to adaptation

6 December (14:45-16:00) - The Future of Sea level Rise and Potential Response Options SROCC Special Event

The Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) evaluated the potential sea level rise risk of low-lying coasts and islands at different levels of future warming. The session will discuss the sea level rise projections and risks looking over the next century and longer, and regional sea level risk extremes. The discussion will also explore the different ways to respond to rising sea levels from local to global scales, as well as ways to reduce risk and some of the barriers and enabling conditions needed for implementing response options.

7 December (9:00 - 11:30) -The Role of Indigenous Knowledge from a Human Rights Perspective

Indigenous peoples experience some of the most severe impacts of climate change on the planet. The necessity for adaptation has led to innovative, Indigenous-led actions including the stewardship of carbon rich peatlands. Indigenous leaders and youth will share their experiences with climate action. Indigenous peoples find themselves on the frontlines of climate change. This moderated panel will feature indigenous leaders who face major ecological and societal disruption due to a changing climate, and will explore ways that these leaders are bringing their people’s knowledge to develop the solutions needed in a climate-altered world.

7 December (11:30 - 13:00) - Women in Science

A moderated discussion exploring the importance of expanding opportunities for women scientists generally and within the IPCC. The session will explore areas where gender related scientific research is expanding and remaining knowledge gaps, as well as how this research is factored into the IPCC assessment proces

9 December (9:30-11:00) - Decarbonization of the Economy: Energy System Transformation

The IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5C (SR15), showed that reaching 1.5C degree pathways will require a wholesale transformation of the global energy systems that underpin our modern economies - and generate most of our greenhouse gas emissions. Pathways consistent with 1.5C include a rapid decline in the carbon intensity of electricity and an increase in electrification of energy end use in order to reach ‘net zero’ emissions by 2050.

9 December (18:00-19:30) - Demand and Supply Side Policy

This event will bring together Authors from the IPCC WG III contribution to the 6th Assessment Report (AR6) as they discuss policy choices in response to climate change and compare demand vs supply side options.

10 December (09:00 – 10:30) - Climate Education

The Office for Climate Education, leading an international network of scientific and educational partners, develops resources for climate change education for primary and secondary school teachers in Europe and around the world. These free resources are available in 4 languages (FR, EN, DE, ES) and accompany the release of IPCC reports.

10 December (16:00 - 17:00) - Inventory Software

IPCC TFI work on IPCC Inventory Software

11 December (13:30 - 14:45) - Early Career Scientists and IPCC Scholarship

The involvement of Early Career Scientists (ECS) with the work of the IPCC is important. There are different ways/roles in which ECS have and can get involved in the preparation of the Sixth Assessment Cycle (AR6) of the IPCC. In this session, the possible ways to get engaged will be presented.

12 December 2019 (11:00 - 12:30) How to Engage with the IPCC

This event will aim at presenting the various ways on how one can contribute to the work of the IPCC, engage in its process or make use of its products. It will provide an opportunity for a dialogue between the IPCC scientists, regional organizations, researchers and policymakers.

12 December (14:00- 15:30) - IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) to be fully finalized by 2022 will assess scientific findings that have been published since the IPCC’s last comprehensive report, the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), which was completed in 2014. The AR6 will consist of contributions from each of the three IPCC Working Groups and a Synthesis Report. The IPCC Working Group I is dealing with the physical science basis of climate change; Working Group II with impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; and Working Group III with mitigation of climate change. The three Working Group contributions to AR6 will be finalized in 2021 and the Synthesis Report will be finalized in 2022 in time for the first global stocktake in 2023 by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).


SBSTA-IPCC special event - Special Report on Climate Change and Land: Unpacking the new scientific knowledge and key findings in the IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land

SBSTA/IPCC Special Event on SROCC: Unpacking the new scientific knowledge and key findings in the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

3rd Dec - Current estimates of land-related global emissionsand mitigation potentials/scenarios: Land Emissions and the Global Stocktake

3rd Dec - Differences in land CO2 fluxes between global models and country GHG inventories: implications for the Global Stocktake: Land Emissions and the Global Stocktake

3 Dec - Challenges and Opportunities in Implementing Higher Tiers in the National GHG Inventory: Haruni Krisnawati - IPCC TFI Challenges and Opportunities in Inventorying GHG

3 Dec - Tier 3 forest model development and application in UK GHG inventories: Paul Henshall - IPCC TFI Challenges and Opportunities in Inventorying GHG

3 Dec - System for Land-Based Emissions Estimation in Kenya: Mwangi Kinyanjui - IPCC TFI Challenges and Opportunities in Inventorying GHG

3 Dec - Application of Tier 3 method/model for the AFOLU sector in Japan: SATO Atsushi - IPCC TFI Challenges and Opportunities in Inventorying GHG

4 Dec - Systems transitions and sustainable development in the Special Report on 1.5°C: Heleene de Coninck - Sustainable Development Compatibility with 1.5 and 2C pathways

4 Dec - Findings from SRCCL: Zinta Zommers - Sustainable Development Compatibility with 1.5 and 2C pathways

5 Dec - Introduction to and overview of the SRCCL: Raphael Slade - Introduction to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land

5 Dec - The land-climate interface: Lou Verchot - Introduction to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land

5 Dec - Impacts, responses and future scenarios : Jo House - Introduction to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land

5 Dec - Policies and governance for biomass and land use : Francis X. Johnson - Introduction to the Special Report on Climate Change and Land

6 Dec - Unpacking the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate: Katja Mintenbeck - Unpacking the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

6 Dec - Oceanographic Changes: Karina von Schuckmann - Unpacking the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

6 Dec - Our Changing Polar Regions: Martin Sommerkorn - Unpacking the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

6 Dec - Small Island Perspective: Elisabeth Holland - Unpacking the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

6 Dec - Ocean-based Mitigation and Adaptation: Jean-Pierre Gattuso - Risks to ecosystems and human systems from changes in the ocean and cryosphere

6 Dec - Responses of Coupled Human-Natural Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems to ClimateChange: Javier Aristegui - Risks to Ecosystems and Human Systems from Changes in the Ocean and Cryosphere

6 Dec - Impacts and risks for global marine biodiversity and fisheries: Elvira Poloczanska - Risks to Ecosystems and Human Systems from Changes in the Ocean and Cryosphere

6 Dec - Water Systems and security: Aditi Mukherji - Risks to Ecosystems and Human Systems from Changes in the Ocean and Cryosphere

6 Dec - Sea-level rise and Extreme Sea Level Events: Erwin Lambert - The Future of Sea level Rise and Potential Response Options

6 Dec - Implementing Adaptation to SLR: Johanna Nalau - The Future of Sea level Rise and Potential Response Options

9 Dec - The role of subnational actors in energy system transitions: Leon Clark - Demand and Supply Side Policy

9 Dec - France 2072 : Lifestyles at the core of carbon neutrality challenges: Nadia Maïzi - Demand and Supply Side Policy

9 Dec - Making supply side policies economically and socially beneficial in the transition from fossil fuels: Frank Jotzo - Demand and Supply Side Policy

9 Dec - Connecting IPCC and COP, and the Asian energy reality: Jun Arima - Demand and Supply Side Policy

10 Dec - Supporting IPCC Reports - Summary and Tools for teachers: Pierre Léna - Climate Education

10 Dec - Climate Change Education Across the Curriculum - Across the Globe: Eric Guilyardi - Climate Education

10 Dec - The OCE ressources: Lydie Lescarmontier - Climate Education

10 Dec - The ALLEA Survey: Cliona Murphy - Climate Education

10 Dec - Overview presentation on IPCC Inventory Software: Pavel Shermanau - Inventory Software

10 Dec - Technical issues: Example of Tier 2 for Agriculture: Yurii Pyrozhenko - Inventory Software

11 Dec - IPCC process and opportunities to engage: Thelma Krug - Early Career Scientists

11 Dec - The APECS-led IPCC group review: Jilda Caccavo - A launching pad for Early Career Researchers into peer review - Early Career Scientists

11 Dec - YESS community: Palmira Cuéllar - Early Career Scientists

11 Dec - Working Group III - Chapter Scientist: Adachi Muneki - Early Career Scientists

12 Dec - How to be engaged in the IPCC work: Thelma Krug - How to Engage with the IPCC

12 Dec - The Sixth Assessment Report: Thelma Krug - IPCC Sixth Assessment Report


What is the IPCC?

Producing IPCC reports

Tell my story the way it is

IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryopshere in a Changing Climate

IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land

IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

Pavilion ProgrammePavilion Programme (static)More Information on the IPCC Website
Muneki Adachi

Muneki Adachi is a PhD candidate based in Japan; where he is affiliated with Graduate School of Environmental Studies in Nagoya University. From this autumn he started his research as an excellence scholarship fellow based in Switzerland and belong to Geneva School of Economics and Management in University of Geneva after 20-year of career in energy sector. Muneki's research mainly focuses on energy and climate(mitigation) policy concerning radical societal change towards sustainability. He is currently investigating ‘carbon lock-in effect’ due to a path dependency and ‘hydrogen society’ by utilizing excess amount of renewable electricity. In mid-2019, he has been involved in the IPCC AR6 report as chapter scientist in WG3.

Malik Amin Aslam

H.E. Malik Amin Aslam is currently the Federal Minister for Climate Change/Prime Minister’s Advisor on Climate Change of Pakistan as well as honorarily serving as the elected Global Vice President of IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). He has previously chaired the flagship “Green Growth initiative” for the province of KPK in Pakistan – which included the mass afforestation “Billion Tree Tsunami” project. From 2002-07 he has served as a Member of Parliament and from 2004-07 as the Minister of State for Environment (Government of Pakistan) and, in this capacity, has been the architect of the country’s National Policies on environment and climate change. During this period Malik Amin Aslam worked as the Prime Minister’s special envoy for reform of the UN governance system. Malik Amin Aslam has also had the privilege of chairing the G77+China negotiations group and leading Pakistan’s climate change negotiations at various COP meetings since 1999.

He has recently been chosen to serve on the high level “International Advisory Council” for the Eco-Forum Global – the leading environmental think-tank advising the Government of China. Mr Malik is an electrical engineer with an MBA from McGill University and an MSc from Oxford University where he completed his thesis on the utility of the “emissions trading” concept within the context of managing the Climate Change issue.


Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo

Jun Arima is Professor of Energy and Environmental Policies at the Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Tokyo. He was previously Head, Country Studies Division, International Energy Agency (IEA), Director, International Affairs Division, Agency of Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE), Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Government of Japan, Deputy Director-General, Global Environment Affairs METI. He was also one of the chief negotiators in the UNFCCC negotiation. Jun is a Lead Author of the IPCC 6th Assessment, Senior Policy Fellow of Energy and Environment, Economic Research Institute of ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) , Executive Senior Fellow of the 21st Century Public Policy Institute, Japan Business Federation (Keidanren) and a member of German Japan Energy Transition Council (GJETC). His interest lie in energy security, international energy and climate governance and climate policies.


Institute of Oceanography and Global Change (IOCAG). Universidad Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

Javier Arístegui is an ecologist, based at the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, where he has been a dedicated teacher, advisor and mentor of young scientists for the past 30 years. For almost the same time, he has worked closely with physical oceanographers on the dynamics of pelagic ecosystems, including studies on plankton ecology and ecophysiology, microbial oceanography and biogeochemistry. Javier has published more than 140 articles and book chapters, coordinated a multitude of national and international projects and is Editor in Chief of several Journals. He has been a Contributing Author in Chapter 6 “Ocean Systems” of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Reports (AR5) and a Lead Author in SROCC Chapter 5 “Changing ocean, marine ecosystems, and dependent communities

Ko Barrett

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

Ko Barrett is the Deputy Assistant Administrator for Research at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) where she supervises daily operations and administration of NOAA’s research enterprise. In 2015, Ko Barrett was one of the first women elected to serve as a vice chair of the IPCC. For over 15 years, she has represented the United States on delegations charged with negotiating and adopting scientific assessments undertaken by the IPCC. She has also served for over a decade as a lead negotiator for the United States on the United Nations treaty on climate change. Ko Barrett is widely recognized as an expert on climate policy, particularly on issues related to climate impacts and strategies to help society adapt to a changing world.

Eduardo Buendia Calvo

Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM)

Eduardo Calvo is a Co-Chair of the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He is an environmental scientist from Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia. He is an Associate Professor at San Marcos University in Lima, Peru where he teaches courses devoted to environmental pollution and natural resources management. He has also taught at Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería and Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal. He is a former Board Member of the Peruvian Chemical Society and a former member of the Peruvian Academy of Health. He is a member of the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism, and was a negotiator or advisor on climate change negotiations from 1996 to 2015. He also advised the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on various environmental issues. Formerly, he was an adviser on environmental issues to the National Council on Environment and the Peruvian Ministries of Agriculture and Housing. He has coordinated the greenhouse gas Inventory of the Dominican Republic and served as a reviewer of the Chilean greenhouse gas Inventory. Eduardo has chaired or co-chaired various debates on topics ranging from bunker fuels, impacts of response measures, to the Clean Development Mechanism and procedures.


Centro de Investigaciones del Mar y la Atmosfera (CIMA) - University of Buenos Aires - CONICET

Dr Ines Camilloni is a Lead Author of the chapter on Impacts of 1.5°C global warming on natural and human systems of the IPCC Special Report on Global warming of 1.5°C (SR15) and of the chapter on Near-term Climate Change: Projections and Predictability of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report. She is a Professor at the Department of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires and Senior Researcher of the Center for Atmosphere and Ocean Research (CIMA), jointly sponsored by the Argentina National Research Council (CONICET) and the University of Buenos Aires (UBA). She has participated, leaded or coordinated several recognized national and international research projects related with climate variability and change, and has authored several peer-reviewed scientific journal articles and book chapters. She was a member of the Argentinean team that developed the report on present and future climate trends in Argentina for the “3rd National Communication of Climate Change” and the related web-based dissemination of climate data and scenarios to support impact studies in Argentina.

Ladislaus Chang'a

Tanzania Meteorological Authority (TMA)

Dr. Ladislaus Chang’a is a Principal Meteorologist and the Director of Research and Applied Meteorology at Tanzania Meteorological Authority. He has been working in the area of climate and Meteorology since 1995. He is the IPCC Focal Point for Tanzania, Co-chair of the Expert Team on Operational Climate Monitoring and a member of the Implementation Coordination Team on Climate Services Information System (ICT-CSIS) under the Commission for Climatology of the World Meteorological Organization. Dr. Chang’a is also a Board member of the Centre for Climate Change Studies of the University of Dar es Salaam, and a Part-time Lecturer at the University of Dar Es Salaam, teaching Climatology, Climate Monitoring and Prediction for BSc students, and the Science of Climate Change for MSc students. He is actively involved in supervision and mentoring of MSc and PhD students. He is the Chair of the Project Delivery Team (PDT) for GFCS implementation in Tanzania. The PDT is composed of members from TMA, Vice President Office, Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, World Health Organization (WHO), World Food Programme (WFP), Tanzania Red Cross, and University of Dar es Salaam. He has been involved in coordinating the implementation of WISER and HIGHWAY project in Tanzania. He is part of Tanzania delegation participating in climate change negotiation at the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) meetings. He is also involved in research and project activities related to climate variability and change.


Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Leon Clarke is an expert in energy and environmental issues, with a focus on climate change, climate change mitigation strategies, energy technology options, and integrated assessment modeling. He is currently the Research Director at the Center for Global Sustainability and a Research Professor in the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland. He formerly led the Integrated Human Earth System Science Group and directed a range of integrated assessment modeling activities at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a collaboration between the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the University of Maryland. Dr. Clarke has served as an author and coordinating lead author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the National Climate Assessment, and the National Research Council. He has also led a number of multi-institution studies on climate mitigation. Dr. Clarke’s professional experience includes his current position, positions in two U.S. national laboratories, in energy consulting, and at an electric and gas utility. Dr. Clarke has a Ph.D. in Management Science and Engineering from Stanford University and Masters degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley.


Eindhoven University of Technology, Technology, Innovation and Society Group, Atlas Building

Heleen de Coninck is associate professor in innovation studies and sustainability at the Department of Environmental Science at Radboud University in Nijmegen. Earlier she worked for over 10 years on international energy and climate policy at the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN). Heleen’s research focuses on international climate policy, energy technology and innovation. She was one of the Coordinating Lead Authors of the recent IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C.

Sha FU

Assistant professor, National center for climate change strategy and international cooperation

Fu Sha is Director of Strategy and Planning at the Energy Foundation China. Prior to joining EF China in April 2019, she was an Associate Professor at China’s National Center for Climate Change and International Cooperation, where she served as a researcher and policy analyst focusing on energy and climate change issues. Her interests lie in international climate regime, energy-economic-environment-climate system modeling and analysis, climate and energy data mining and analysis, national and local strategy design for energy and GHG emission mitigation, assessment of socio-economic impact of climate polices, and low carbon development and green finance in “Belt and Road” countries.<br /><br />
She was a member of Chinese delegation to UNFCCC Climate negotiation from 2012-2018. She also once served as member of Technology Executive Committee under the UNFCCC and now is the lead author of IPCC AR6 report and corresponding lead author of 4th national assessment report.

Jean-Pierre Gattuso

CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie and IDDRI

Jean-Pierre Gattuso is CNES research director at the Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche in France. He is a Coordinating Lead Author of Chapter 1 of the IPCC Special Report on Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate. For almost four decades now, he has been investigating the cycling of carbon and carbonate in coastal ecosystems and the response of marine organisms and ecosystems to climate change and ocean acidification. Furthermore, Jean-Pierre is contributing to the rather new research topic “ocean solutions”. In the span of his career, he served not only as Scientific Coordinator of the European Project on Ocean Acidification; but also contributed as lead author to the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC and is the Founding editor-in-chief of the journal Biogeosciences. Jean-Pierre’s scientific work was awarded many times. Amongst others, he received the Vladimir Vernadsky Medal of the European Geosciences Union in 2012 and became an elected member of the European Academy of Sciences in 2014.

Giacomo Grassi

European Commission - Joint Research Centre

Giacomo is a senior scientific officer at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission (EC). He leads the group on ‘Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry’ (LULUCF), dealing with the estimation of CO2 fluxes from managed terrestrial ecosystems, and their reporting to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Specifically, he coordinates the LULUCF sector of the EU greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory, provides scientific support in the design of policies at EU level and under the Paris Agreement, and carries out analyses on the role of forests in the science-policy interface. He is an expert reviewer of LULUCF GHG inventories for the UNFCCC and lead author of several IPCC reports (“2013 Supplementary Guidance under the Kyoto Protocol", “Methodological Refinement of the 2006 Guidelines for GHG inventories” and “Special Report on Climate Change and Land”).

Gwenaëlle Gremion

Gwenaëlle is a PhD Candidate based in Canada, where she is affiliated with the Institut des Sciences de la Mer in the University of Quebec at Rimouski. Gwen’s research interests involve combining multidisciplinary disciplines such as Physical and Biological Oceanography to understand how organic marine matter settle in the water column in the specific environment of the North Water Polynya in Northern Baffin Bay and how modifications of ecological and physical features due to climate change affect the downward flux of organic carbon. Gwen has been heavily involved in the ArcticNet Student Association (ASA) for the past four years, in the Association for Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS) since 2017 within the Council of APECS International and as President of the National committee APECS-France, as well as in the Student association of the strategic group of researchers in Oceanography, Quebec Ocean since 2016. She has been involved in the IPCC review APECS project group since its creation in autumn 2017, first as chair and as project group leader for the three following rounds of review organized by APECS and its partners.

Tania Guillén

Tania Guillén Bolaños was Chapter 3 chapter scientist and contributing author of the Special Report on the 1.5°C of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). She is PhD<br />
candidate at the University of Hamburg and the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS). She also supports GERICS activities which aim to enhance the implementation of climate<br />
policies, especially on adaptation to climate change, which at the same time can contribute to achieve the sustainable development goals. She was fellow of the International Climate Protection Program of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at GERICS. She is graduated on Environmental Engineering of the Central American University (UCA) of Nicaragua and holds a MSc in Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics awarded by the TH Köln - University of Applied Sciences of Cologne, Germany. She has worked in relation to environmental management at the local level in Nicaragua, and also at the global level where she has specialized on the climate change negotiations under the UNFCCC, with focus on adaptation and loss and damage. She has also facilitated Latin American civil society networks related to the climate change negotiations. Since 2016 is part of the technical staff (ad honorem) of the Latin American and Caribbean Group on Climate Finance (GFLAC).

Eric Guilyardi

Institut Pierre Simon Laplace / CNRS

Eric Guilyardi is a climate scientist at the Institut Pierre Simon Laplace / CNRS in France and professor of climate science at the University of Reading, in the UK. He is deputy director of the LOCEAN laboratory within IPSL and special advisor to CNRS on ocean and climate issues. He has published over 100 papers in peer-reviewed journals on topics including tropical climate variability, El Niño, ocean and climate, decadal variability and predictability, climate change, multi-model analysis, and state-of-the-art climate model development, and has been ranked as Highly Cited scientist in 2018. Eric Guilyardi was Contributing Author for IPCC TAR, has contributed as expert reviewer to the IPCC AR4 and IPCC SROCC, was a Lead Author for IPCC AR5 and is Contributing Author for IPCC AR6. He contributes scientific expertise to many journals and funding agencies, both in Europe and elsewhere. For more than 20 years, he has been and is principle investigator or co-investigator of a number of projects, funded by the European Union Framework Programmes, the Belmont Forum, and national agencies (NERC, ANR, NSF…). He sits in several scientific committees and co-chairs the international CLIVAR Research Focus on ENSO in changing climate. Eric Guilyardi also has an active public engagement activity, for the general public, schools and the media. He has published several books for wider audiences on ocean, climate, science and society. He a member of the board of Météo et Climat, the French professional body of climate scientists. He is part of the “Messagers du climat” who ran a climate exhibit in the “Train du Climat” across France and met with thousands of citizens ahead of COP21 and at other regular occasions. He was actively engaged in the launch of the Office for Climate Education (OCE) in 2018, its installation within the IPSL premises at Sorbonne Université, and is currently co-chair of the Science and Pedagogical committee of the OCE.

Ove Hoegh-Guldberg

University of Queensland

Prof. Ove Hoegh-Guldberg (BScHons., Sydney; PhD., UCLA) is the inaugural Director of the Global Change Institute and Professor of Marine Science, at The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Prof Hoegh-Guldberg is CLA of Chapter 3: Impacts of 1.5°C global warming on natural and human systems of the Special Report on 1.5C Global Warming of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).Prof. Hoegh-Guldberg is deeply-motivated by a desire to communicate science effectively, undertake game-changing research and to find high-impact solutions to address several of the most pressing and serious challenges facing humanity worldwide, such as climate change, food security, clean energy and population growth. In this respect Prof. Hoegh-Guldberg has actively collaborated with organisations such as the Great Barrier Reef Foundation, the Royal Society of London and The World Bank well as advising government and business on the science and urgency associated with climate change. Prof. Hoegh-Guldberg has worked extensively with the media, believing that scientists need to extend the impact of their science using the full set of communication options. He has published works that include over 200 refereed publications and book chapters and is one of the most cited authors within the peer-reviewed literature on climate change and its impacts on natural ecosystems. His interests in climate change has led to significant roles within the IPCC (coordinating lead author Chapter 30, “Open Oceans”) and other international organisations in his role as Deputy Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and as Coordinator for the Australasian Centre for Excellence and Chair of the Bleaching Working Group within the World Bank-Global Environment Facility Coral Reef Targeted Research Program. As Director of the GCI Prof. Hoegh-Guldberg has a key role in engaging with the UQ community and external stakeholders to create opportunities and build strong external links and networks for the institute. He heads a large research laboratory (over 30 researchers &students) that focuses on how global warming and ocean acidification are affecting and will affect coral reefs.

Elisabeth Holland

University of the South Pacific

Professor Elisabeth Holland is the Director of the Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development (PaCE-SD) and a Professor in climate change. An internationally recognised scientist for her work in the Earth System, Prof. Holland was also a co-recipient of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for her contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). She is an author of four of the five IPCC reports, currently a Lead Author on the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Change Climate. She has also served as a US, German and now a Pacific representative to the IPCC. With a career spanning more than three decades, Prof. Holland served as a Senior Scientist and Leader of the Biogeosciences Program at the National Centre for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, USA.

Joanna HOUSE

University of Bristol

Jo House is a Reader in Environmental Science and Policy at the University of Bristol, UK. She is research lead for Bristol’s Cabot Institute for the Environment, is director for the Masters programme in Climate Change Science and Policy, and is founding Co-Chair of the Bristol Advisory Committee on Climate Change.<br /><br />
Jo specialises in emissions of greenhouse gasses from land use (e.g. deforestation, land management), and climate mitigation potential from the land (e.g. afforestation, bioenergy). She works on the science-policy interface, was seconded for a year to the UK Government Office for Science as Head of Climate Advice, and regularly gives advice to the UK Government, Scottish Government, Bristol City Council and other organisations.<br /><br />
Jo has been an author many times for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (who shared the Nobel Prize in 2007) in all three working groups of the IPCC (Science, Impacts, and Mitigation), the Special Report on Climate Change and Land (2019), as well as for the IPCC methodologies for greenhouse gas inventories (including the 2019 Refinement) and the upcoming 6th Assessment Report. She was a convening lead author on the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, a lead author on the Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils, and an author and science advisor for the New York Declaration on Forests Assessment Report (2019).

Caccavo Jilda

Jilda is a Research Associate based in Germany, where she is affiliated with the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) and the Berlin Center for Genomics in Biodiversity Research (BeGenDiv), and is currently funded by a Humboldt Fellowship for Postdoctoral Researchers. Jilda's research interests involve combining multidisciplinary techniques including genetics, otolith chemistry and trophic analyses to understand the health of Antarctic fish populations in order to gauge what impacts climate change and anthropogenic disturbances will have on them. She is currently investigating population structure of Antarctic toothfish, commonly known as Chilean Sea Bass. In addition to being the largest of all Antarctic fish, exploitation of Antarctic toothfish constitutes the most lucrative fishery in the Southern Ocean. Her research will inform fisheries management of this commercially relevant species, as well as help to push forward the implementation of Marine Protected Areas in the Southern Ocean. Jilda has been heavily involved in the Association for Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS) since 2016, having served two terms on the Executive Committee (Oct. 2017 - Sep. 2019), the second during which she served as President. She has been involved in the IPCC review APECS project group since its inception in late 2017, and is currently an ex-officio on the APECS Executive Committee.

Francis X. Johnson

Stockholm Environment Institute

Francis X. Johnson is a Senior Research Fellow with the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) at its HQ in Stockholm. During 2015-2017, he was seconded to the SEI-Africa centre in Nairobi where he led staff on low carbon transition projects. He has more than twenty-five years of experience in socio-economic and environmental analysis on renewable energy and climate change policies and institutions, with emphasis on climate mitigation, land use, bioenergy and bioeconomy in developing and emerging economies. He has a BSE in Systems Science from the University of Pennsylvania, an MS in Operations Research from George Washington University, an MA in Public Policy from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a PhD in Energy Technology from KTH Royal Institute of Technology. He has served as participant or leader in expert or advisory groups associated with IEA, UNECA, UNIDO, FAO, UNEP, SCOPE/UNESCO, UNCTAD and the European Commission. He has served as Principal or co-Principal investigator in projects funded by the European Commission, U.K.-ESPA, SIDA and others. Before coming to SEI, he worked for five years on energy efficiency and climate policy analysis as a Senior Research Associate with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in the USA. He has been editor of five books or Proceedings and author or co-author for more than forty publications. He served as a Lead Author for the IPCC Special Report on Climate Change and Land during 2017-2019. He currently leads an initiative on Bioeconomy Pathways at SEI.


Australian National University

Frank Jotzo is a lead author in the chapter on policy and institutions of IPCC WGIII AR6, and a professor of climate and energy economics at the Australian National University. He directs the Centre for Climate Economics and Policy, co-leads the Australian-German Energy Transition Hub, and co-convenes a Chinese-Australian research collaboration. Frank Jotzo is joint editor-in-chief of the journal Climate Policy. He has been involved in policy assessment and advisory to governments and to international organisations. Among his current research interests is the prospect for large-scale international trade in renewable energy and renewables-based commodities. He tweets @frankjotzo.

Ronny Jumeau

Ronny Jumeau was appointed Seychelles' permanent representative (ambassador) to the United Nations and ambassador to the United States for the second time in March 2017. He stanisrted his career as a journalist and then chief editor of the Seychelles Nation daily newspaper. During his career, Ambassador Jumeau did hold several ministerial posts, including that of miter for environment and natural resources, which included responsibility for climate change, conservation, water, forestry, agriculture, and fisheries. In 2007 Amb. Jumeau was appointed Seychelles' permanent representative to the United Nations and ambassador to the United States, Canada, Brazil, Cuba, and several Caribbean islands until 2012, when he became his country's New York-based roving ambassador for climate change and Small Island Developing State issues.
He is a vice-president of the Assembly of SIDS DOCK, the Global Sustainable Energy Initiative for Small Island Developing States, and a vice-chair of its executive council. He is also the alternate member of the Board of the Green Climate Fund (GCF), representing small island developing states (SIDS). He was chair of the Steering Committee of the Global Island Partnership (GLISPA) from 2013 to 2015 and is currently a vice-chair, and was chief spokesperson of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) from 2012 to 2014.

Thelma Krug

National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Coordination of Earth Observation (DSR/OBT)

Thelma Krug was elected Vice-Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2015 for the Sixth Assessment Cycle, after having been co-chair of the IPCC Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories from 2002 until 2015. She is a former researcher at the Earth Observation Coordination at the National Institute for Space Research in Brazil, under the Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communication (MCTIC). She holds a PhD on Spatial Statistics from the University of Sheffield, UK. She has been Deputy National Secretary at the Secretary on Policies and Programs of Science and Technology at MCTIC; National Secretary at the Secretary on Climate Change and Environmental Quality from the Ministry of the Environment (MMA) and Director of the Department on Policies to Combat Deforestation under the Secretary of Climate Change and Forests at MMA. For more than 15 years she represented Brazil in the negotiations at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), with particular focus on issues related to land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF); research and systematic observations; and reporting guidelines. Her main areas of interest are climate change and the role of deforestation, forest degradation and land-use change; REDD+; and national greenhouse gas inventories.<br />

Erwin Lambert

Erwin Lambert is a physical oceanographer at the Institute for Marine and Atmospheric research in Utrecht (IMAU), Utrecht University, the Netherlands. He was a Contributing Author for SROCC Chapter 4 and the SPM, where he contributed to the projection of global and regional sea-level rise and its impact on extreme sea level events. He presently studies the impact of future sea-level rise on coastal hazards in the ERA4CS programme INSeaPTION, a project aimed at co-designing sea-level research with stakeholders.

Hoesung Lee

c/o Korea Meteorological Administration

Hoesung Lee is Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), elected since October 2015, and Endowed Chair Professor at Korea University Graduate School of Energy and Environment, Seoul, Korea. His research encompasses the economics of climate change, energy and sustainable development. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Korean Academy of Environmental Sciences, and chair of the Asian Development Bank President’s Advisory Board on Climate Change and Sustainable Development. Lee was the founding president of the Korea Energy Economics Institute — a government agency for national energy policy development. He was Distinguished Research Fellow at the Korea Environment Institute, senior adviser to the Minister of Energy and Resources and the Minister of Environment, senior fellow at the Korea Development Institute and economist at Exxon Company USA. He served as the president of the International Association for Energy Economics, president of the Korea Resources Economics Association, member of the International Advisory Board of the Battelle-Pacific Northwest National Lab, USA, the Board of Directors of Hyundai Corporation and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Japan, and council member of the Global Green Growth Institute. He was Co-Chair of the IPCC Working Group III (the socio-economic dimensions of climate change) for the Second Assessment which provided a scientific basis for the UNFCCC’s Kyoto Protocol. He served as Vice-Chair of IPCC 2008-2015, and lead author and review editor for the various IPCC assessments. He has served on many national and international committees addressing climate change and energy. He received his B.A. from Seoul National University and Ph.D. in economics from Rutgers University, USA. He was named to the 2019 TIME 100 Most Influential People in the world.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
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Hoesung Lee est le président du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC), élu depuis octobre 2015, et professeur titulaire d’une chaire d’Excellence à la Korea University Graduate School of Energy and Environment, à Séoul, en Corée. Ses travaux de recherche englobent l’économie du changement climatique, de l’énergie et du développement durable. Il est membre du conseil d’administration de l’Académie coréenne des sciences environnementales et président du conseil consultatif du président de la Banque asiatique de développement sur le changement climatique et le développement durable. M. Lee a été le président fondateur du Korea Energy Economics Institute, une agence gouvernementale chargée de l'élaboration de la politique énergétique nationale. Il a été chercheur émérite à l’Institut coréen de l’environnement, conseiller principal du ministre de l’énergie et des ressources et du ministre de l’environnement, chercheur principal à l’Institut coréen du développement et économiste à la société Exxon Company USA. Il a été président de l’Association internationale pour l’économie de l’énergie, président de l’Association coréenne pour l’économie des ressources, membre du conseil consultatif international du Battelle-Pacific Northwest National Lab, aux États-Unis, membre du conseil d’administration de Hyundai Corporation et de l’Institut pour les stratégies environnementales mondiales, au Japon, et membre du conseil du Global Green Growth Institute. Il a été co-président du groupe de travail III du GIEC (les dimensions socio-économiques du changement climatique) pour la deuxième évaluation qui a fourni une base scientifique pour le protocole de Kyoto de la CCNUCC. Il a été vice-président du GIEC de 2008 à 2015, et auteur principal et réviseur pour les différentes évaluations du GIEC. Il a siégé à de nombreux comités nationaux et internationaux sur les questions des changements climatiques et de l’énergie. Hoesung Lee est titulaire d’un baccalauréat universitaire ès lettres en sciences économiques de l’université nationale de Séoul et d’un doctorat en économie de l’université Rutgers, aux États-Unis. Le Magazine TIME a classé Hoesung Lee parmi les 100 personnes les plus influentes dans le monde en 2019.

Pierre Léna

Office for Climate Education

Pierre Léna, born 1937, is a French astrophysicist. He is Emeritus Professor at the Université Paris-Diderot, associated with Paris Observatory. His scientific work focused on infrared astronomy and star formation. His interest in image quality led him to original world in image quality for astronomy, hence contributing to develop adaptive optics and the interferometric mode of the European Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile, both making today the VLT a unique instrument in the world, for example leading to a wealth of new results on stars, exoplanets and black holes.<br />
With Georges Charpak (Nobel laureate in physics 1992) and Yves Quéré, with the full support of the French Académie des sciences, he co-founded in 1996 the movement La main à la pâte. The goal was, and remains, to contribute to a renovation of early science education in primary and middle schools: focusing on active students, experimenting and observing, developing their language abilities to concretely practice science, and helping teachers to implement this inquiry-based science education (IBSE). Born in France, this action quickly expanded in the early 2000s, with collaborations all over the world, involving high repute scientists, science Academies and ministries of education. Pierre Léna chaired in 2007-2011 the InterAcademy Partnership Science education program. In 2011 the French Académie des sciences created the Foundation La main à la pâte, which he chaired and of which he currently is Honorary President. In 2018, in order to support the education aspects of the Paris Agreement and the IPCC actions, he developed the Office for Climate Education in connection with the InterAcademy Partnership, and prepared the designation of OCE as a Unesco Category 2 Center, achieved end 2019.<br />
Pierre Léna belongs to the French Académie des sciences, the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and several other Academies.

Lydie Lescarmontier

Science Officer

Lydie Lescarmontier is a glaciologist by training, specialized on the functioning of emissary Antarctic glaciers. During her research career, she worked with the CNRS (French National Research Institute) and the Australian National University to better understand the effect of Climate Change on the Antarctic ice sheet. From 2015 to 2017, she was vice-president of the French committee of APECS (Association of Polar Early Career Scientists) promoting science education about polar regions. She is today young researcher represent at the CNFRA (French National Committee of Arctic and Antarctic Research) and polar guide in the Arctic and Antarctic.
In 2018 she joined the OCE team as Science Officer. Her mission is to coordinate the production of education resources of the Office for Climate Education and its network and to participate to the teachers' professional development.

Jonathan LYNN


Jonathan Lynn is Head of Communications and Media Relations at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Before joining the IPCC in November 2011, he worked as a foreign correspondent and editor for Reuters news agency for 32 years, reporting from over 30 countries around the world. Jonathan has an MA from Cambridge University, where he studied modern languages at Clare College. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.


MINES ParisTech, Paris Science et Lettres Research University (PSL)

Nadia Maïzi is lead author a lead author in the chapter on demand, services and socila aspects of mitigation of IPCC WGIII AR6. She is Full Professor at MINES ParisTech, a college from PSL (Paris Science et Lettres) research university. She is running the Center for Applied Mathematics, where she leads a team involved in Modeling for Economics, Energy and the Environment, combining short and long terms dynamics. With her team, she develops prospective approaches based on the TIMES long-term energy-planning model at national, European and international levels, and represents France on the IEA consortium, ETSAP, which oversees the model’s deployment.
In 2008, she founded the Chair Modeling for Sustainable Development www.modelisation-prospective.org She also heads the ParisTech delegation to UNFCCC conferences of the parties since 2009.
In September 2015, Nadia Maïzi was appointed member of the expert committee on the energy transition by the French ministry for the Environment Energy.
Nadia Maïzi holds the distinguished French honorary titles of Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite and Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur.

Zafar Makhmudov

Zafar Makhmudov is the Executive Director of the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC). His main areas of professional expertise and activities are related to the mainstreaming climate change adaptation and mitigation into national development plans and strategies. Prior to joining CAREC, Zafar served as the Head of the Project Implementation Unit at the Committee for Environment Protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, where he coordinated projects on natural resource management at all levels of their implementation, including project development, structuring, negotiation, execution and monitoring, carried out in close cooperation with a number of international development partners, donor community and multilateral development banks by providing access to climate and environmental funds supported by the National Coordinator. The portfolio of implemented projects included the PPCR project in Tajikistan “Environmental Land Management and Improving Livelihoods in Rural Areas” and the “Program for Adaptation to Climate Change and Mitigation of Its Consequences in the Aral Sea Basin”. Zafar Makhmudov also served as the Senior Advisor to the Chairman of the Committee on Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement of 2030. As a member of the Board of the Climate Investment Funds and Co-chair of the Pilot Program Committee for Climate Resilience, he has advanced experience in managing and preparing National Adaptation Plans, a National Adaptation Strategy for Climate Change, National Environmental Plan and extensive experience in conducting negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other climate related funds.

Valérie Masson-Delmotte

Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement (LSCE)

Valérie Masson-Delmotte is a Co-Chair of Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the Sixth Assessment cycle. Previously she was a Lead Author in the Working Group I contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report and a Coordinating Lead Author in the Working Group I contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report. Valérie is a senior scientist from Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, with an initial background in fluid physics. Her research interests are focused on quantifying and understanding changes in climate and water cycle, using analyses from ice cores in Greenland, Antarctica and Tibet, analyses from tree-rings as well as present-day monitoring, and climate modelling for the past and the future. She has worked across different timescales on issues such as natural climate variability and mechanisms of climate response to natural and anthropogenic forcing, polar amplification, climate feedbacks, abrupt climate change, ice sheet vulnerability. She is active in outreach for a broad range of audiences and events and has contributed to several books on climate change issues (latest: Groenland, climat, écologie et société, CNRS éditions, 2016). Nature journal listed her in the top 10 people that matter in science in 2018. She has received several prizes (Medaille d’argent du CNRS, 2019; European Union Descartes Prize for the EPICA project, 2008; Women scientist Irène Joliot Curie Prize, 2013; Tinker-Muse Prize for science and policy in Antarctica, 2015; Thomson Highly Cited Researcher since 2014; Prix Jean Perrin for scientific outreach from Société Française de Physique, 2016). <br />
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Valérie Masson-Delmotte est co-présidente du Groupe de travail I du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) pour le sixième cycle d’évaluation. Précédemment, elle était Auteure principale du Groupe de travail I chargée de la contribution au quatrième rapport d’évaluation du GIEC et Auteure coordinatrice principale en charge de la contribution du groupe de travail I au cinquième rapport d'évaluation. Valérie est directrice de recherches au Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, avec une formation initiale en physique des fluides. Ses intérêts de recherche sont axés sur la quantification et la compréhension des changements climatiques et du cycle de l’eau, à l’aide d’analyses des noyaux de glace au Groenland, en Antarctique et au Tibet, d’analyses de anneaux d’arbres ainsi que de la surveillance actuelle, et de la modélisation du climat pour le passé et l’avenir. Elle a travaillé à différentes échelles de temps sur des questions telles que la variabilité naturelle du climat et les mécanismes de réponse du climat aux forçages naturels et anthropiques, l’amplification polaire, les rétroactions climatiques, les changements climatiques brusques, la vulnérabilité des calottes glaciaires. Elle est active dans la sensibilisation d’un large éventail de publics et d’événements et a contribué à plusieurs ouvrages sur les questions de changement climatique (le dernier en date : Groenland, climat, écologie et société, CNRS éditions, 2016). Le magazine Nature a distingué Valérie Masson-Delmotte, plaéoclimatologue au CEA, en la plaçant parmi les 10 scientifiques qui ont le plus marqué le monde en 2018. Elle a reçu plusieurs prix (Médaille d’argent du CNRS, 2019 ; Prix Descartes de l’Union européenne pour le projet EPICA, 2008 ; Prix Irène Joliot Curie pour les femmes scientifiques, 2013 ; Prix Tinker-Muse pour la science et la politique en Antarctique, 2015 ; Thomson Highly Cited Researcher depuis 2014 ; Prix Jean Perrin pour la vulgarisation scientifique de la Société Française de Physique, 2016).

Katja Mintenbeck

Katja Mintenbeck is Director of Science at the IPCC Working Group II Technical Support Unit in Germany. She has expertise in the impact of environmental changes on marine living communities, with a particular emphasis on Southern Ocean communities. Katja’s research focuses on the impact of disturbances and fisheries on fish and benthos communities, food web structure and stability, the impact of climate change on communities and the vulnerability of key fish species. She took a leading role in coordinating the development of the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate SROCC and its Summary for Policymakers and Technical Summary.

Abdalah Mokssit


Abdalah Mokssit is Secretary of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He has a long experience with the IPCC and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). He is a former Vice-Chair of IPCC Working Group I, which deals with the physical science basis of climate change. He is also a former Third Vice-President of the World Meteorological Congress of WMO and was member of several WMO commissions including the Commission on Climatology and the Commission for Basic Systems. Previously, Abdalah was the Director of the National Meteorological Department of Morocco. At the National Meteorological Service of Morocco, he has focused on upgrading forecasting, from nowcasting to long-range forecasting; improving warning and crisis management for extreme events; and generating regional models of climate change scenarios, climate change sector impact studies and services for end users. In May 1996, His Majesty, the late King Hassan II of Morocco awarded the «National Order of Merit, Excellent Class» to Abdalah Mokssit for his contribution to the modernization of the National Meteorology. He was also awarded the medals “Chevalier” and “Commandeur” personally by His Majesty King Mohamed VI and the medal “Leverier” in recognition of work for the extension of NWP model PERIDOT to North Africa and Eastern Europe.<br />
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Abdalah Mokssit est le secrétaire du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC). Il jouit d’une longue expérience au sein du GIEC et de l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM). Il a été vice-président du groupe de travail I du GIEC, chargé d’évaluer les aspects scientifiques du système climatique et de l’évolution du climat. Il est également ancien troisième vice-président du Congrès météorologique mondial de l’OMM et a été membre de plusieurs commissions de l’OMM, notamment la Commission de climatologie et la Commission des systèmes de base. Auparavant, Abdalah était le directeur du Service météorologique national du Maroc. Au Service météorologique national du Maroc, il s’est attaché à moderniser les prévisions - de la prévision immédiate à la prévision à long échéance - ; à améliorer les avis et de la gestion des crises pour les phénomènes extrêmes ; et à mettre en place des modèles régionaux de scénarios de changements climatiques, des études d’impact sectoriel des changements climatiques, et des services a l’intention des utilisateurs finals. En mai 1996, Sa Majesté, feu le roi Hassan II du Maroc a décerné à Abdalah Mokssit « l’Ordre national du mérite, Excellente classe » pour sa contribution à la modernisation de la Météorologie nationale. Il a également reçu les médailles « Chevalier » et « Commandeur » personnellement par Sa Majesté le Roi Mohamed VI et la médaille « Leverier » en reconnaissance de son travail pour l’extension du modèle de PNT PERIDOT à l’Afrique du Nord et à l’Europe de l’Est.

Aditi Mukherji

International Water Management Institute

Aditi Mukherji is principal researcher for the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in New Dehli, a non-profit, scientific research organization focusing on the sustainable use of water and land resources in developing countries. A human geographer by training, Aditi has over 18 years of experience working on policies and institutions of water resources management with a special focus on water-energy-food nexus. She is also the coordinating lead author of the water chapter of the 6th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Furthermore, she is the first ever recipient of the Borlaug Field Award (2012), which recognizes “exceptional, science-based achievement in international agriculture and food production by an individual under the age of 40”. The award is endowed by the Rockefeller Foundation and given by the World Food Prize Foundation, USA. Aditi has a PhD from Cambridge University, United Kingdom where she was a Gates Cambridge Scholar.

Cliona Murphy

Associate Professor

Dr Cliona Murphy is an Associate Professor in Science Education in the Institute of Education, Dublin City University, Ireland. She has been lecturing in the area of science education at tertiary level for over 18 years. Currently, her principle work focuses on the research, development and facilitation of pre-service, post-graduate and continuing professional development programmes in science education. She has conducted and published research in the area of the Nature of Science, Inquiry- Based Science Education, Primary Science Education and Education for Sustainability and has developed a range of innovative educational resources to support the teaching and learning of science, sustainability and climate change. Dr. Murphy has participated in numerous National and International projects in STEM Education. She was the Irish co-ordinator and principal professional development facilitator for Ireland in the FP7 Fibonacci Project and was the Irish co-ordinator for the EU Comenius SUSTAIN project. Most recently she was one of the principal investigators on the Education for a Sustainable World Project, that was funded by the Global Consortium for Sustainability Outcomes (GCSO). Dr. Murphy is the Associate Director of the Centre for the Advancement of STEM teaching and Learning (CASTeL). She is Co-Chair of the scientific and pedagogical committee of the international Office for Climate Education and is Chair of ALLEA’s (All European Academies) Science Education Working Group.

Justice Musah

Justice is an international development practitioner with significant focus on environmental policy and politics, adaptation finance, sustainable development and green economy. He has published widely in international peer reviewed journals. Justice is currently undertaking a joint research fellowship at the United Nations climate change secretariat and the United Nations University, Bonn, Germany. He has won numerous outstanding research funding for his research, including, inter alai, Alexander von Humboldt, European Union-Carribu Mobility and Adaptation Finance Program. He holds a PhD in Public Policy and MSc in Sustainable Development. He is a certified adaptation finance expert by the Frankfurt school of Finance and Management.

Johanna Nalau

Griffith University

Dr Johanna Nalau is a Lead Author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Sixth Assessment (Working Group II Chapter 15 Small Islands) and specialises in climate adaptation science at Griffith University, Australia. Dr Nalau’s research focuses on understanding how people make decisions on climate adaptation, the linkages between adaptation science, policy, and practice, and the role that leadership and information play in that process. She is the recipient of the Australian Discovery Early Career Research Award (2019-2021), with her project focusing on examining the robustness of climate change adaptation principles that are used in decision-making globally and nationally. She is the managing editor for Climate Risk Management, and recently co-edited the first book on Limits to Climate Change Adaptation

Balgis Osman-Elasha

African Development Bank

Balgis Osman-Elasha is the Regional Coordinator, Climate change and Green Growth Expert for North Africa in the African Development Bank.She holds Holds a PhD in Forestry Science and a Master in Environmental Studies. She has more than 20 years’ experience on natural resource management and climate change issues with focus on adaptation in Africa and the Mediterranean. Conducted and supervised a number of researches and scientific work, and authored and co-authored a large number of publications. In addition, to being a guest editor and lead reviewer to several scientific Journals. Balgis is a member of wide professional networks in the area of conservation and sustainable development including; IPCC, IUFRO, IAASTD & IPBES and have participated as CLA and LA several global and regional assessments, technical papers and special reports.She is also a member of the Advisory Panel to the Regional Climate Change Adaptation Framework in the Mediterranean, developed by: UN, UNEP and GWP-MED. She is a member of the Global Forests Expert Panel on Adaptation to Climate Change under the Global Network for Forest Science Cooperation (IUFRO) and winner of the UNEP Champions of the Earth Prize awarded to outstanding environmentalists, 2008. Balgis is presenting here on her capacity as a Coordinating Lead Author of the IPCC-SREX Report & the IPCC 4th & 5th Assessment Reports chapters on Adaptation to Climate Change.

Minal Pathak

IPCC Working Group III TSU

Minal Pathak is based in Ahmedabad and closely supports the work of the Professor Shukla, one of the two Working Group III Co-Chairs. Minal’s areas of expertise include sustainability and co-benefits analysis, climate compatible urban development, sectoral mitigation policies (Transport & Buildings) and deep decarbonisation scenarios assessment. In addition to supporting the development of Special Reports, she is a member of the Organizing Committee of the IPCC Cities Conference. Minal formally joined the TSU in June 2017, but has been providing ad-hoc scientific support for TSU activities since late 2016. Prior to joining the TSU, Minal was a Visiting Scholar at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, MIT and Associate Professor at CEPT University, India. She holds a PhD in Environmental Science.

Elvira S. Poloczanska


Elvira Poloczanska is the Science Advisor to Working Group II Co-Chairs and Technical Support Unit. Elvira has more than 15 years of expertise in climate change ecology research, with a focus on ocean ecosystems and fisheries particularly in the north-east Atlantic and south-west Pacific. Her research includes detection and attribution of observed impacts of climate change, mathematical modelling of ecological impacts under warming scenarios, and the development of adaptation options for ecosystems and industries. She has led or contributed to assessments of climate change impacts, risks and adaptation across disciplines and sectors. Elvira was a Lead Author in Chapter 30 “The Ocean” and Contributing Author in Chapter 6 “Ocean Systems” of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), and Contributing Author in SROCC Chapter 5 “Changing ocean, marine ecosystems, and dependent communities”.

Hans-Otto Pörtner

Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research

Hans-Otto Pörtner is a Co-Chair of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the Sixth Assessment cycle. He received his PhD and habilitated in Animal Physiology at Münster and Düsseldorf Universities. As a Research and then Heisenberg Fellow of the German Research Council he worked at Dalhousie and Acadia Universities, Nova Scotia, Canada and at the Lovelace Medical Foundation, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, before he became Professor and Head of Integrative Ecophysiology at the Alfred Wegener Institute, Bremerhaven, Germany. He has established theory and evidence on effects of climate warming, ocean acidification, and hypoxia on marine animals and ecosystems. His efforts focus on linking biogeography and ecosystem functioning to molecular, biochemical and physiological mechanisms shaping organism tolerance and performance. Previously, he was a Lead Author and a Coordinating Lead Author to the 4th and 5th assessment cycles of the IPCC. He is an elected member of the European Academy of Sciences, the German Advisory Council on Global Change and a Clarivate Analytics highly cited researcher 2018 onward.

Yurii Pyrozhenko

Yurii Pyrozhenko is a Programme Officer in the IPCC TFI TSU. Before joining the TSU Yurii for a few years was involved in preparation of National and Regional GHG Inventories, National Communications on Climate Change as well as JI projects development in Agriculture sector of Ukraine. Besides, he has an experience of participation in EU TACIS, UNDP, USEPA and USAID climate change projects. Yurii takes part in the annual review of Annex I Parties GHG Inventories under the UNFCCC procedures in the capacity of lead reviewer. He holds Master’s degree in Biology.

Debra C. Roberts

eThekwini Municipality

Debra Roberts is a Co-Chair of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the Sixth Assessment cycle. She is Head of the Sustainable and Resilient City Initiatives Unit in eThekwini Municipality (Durban, South Africa). She was a lead author of Chapter 8 (Urban Areas) of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report and was elected as Co-Chair of Working Group II for the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment cycle in 2015. Debra is an Honorary Professor at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in the School of Life Sciences and is an advisor to the Global Commission on Adaptation, United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) and the United Nations Secretary General’s 2019 Climate Summit. In 2019 she was included in a list of the World’s 100 Most Influential People in Climate Policy.

Debra Roberts est co-présidente du groupe de travail II du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) pour le sixième cycle d’évaluation. Elle dirige l’unité des initiatives pour une ville durable et résiliente de la municipalité d'eThekwini (Durban, Afrique du Sud). Elle a été l’un des auteurs principaux du chapitre 8 (zones urbaines) du groupe de travail II du cinquième rapport d’évaluation du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) et a été élue co-présidente du groupe de travail II pour le sixième cycle d’évaluation du GIEC en 2015. Debra est professeur honoraire à l’université de KwaZulu-Natal, à l’école des sciences de la vie, et conseillère auprès de la Commission mondiale sur l’adaptation, de l’Organisation mondiale de Cités et Gouvernements Locaux Uni (CGLU) et du Sommet sur le climat 2019 du secrétaire général des Nations unies. En 2019, elle a fait partie d’une liste des 100 personnes les plus influentes au monde en matière de politique climatique.

Dalee Sambo Dorough

Dalee Sambo Dorough is the Chairperson of the Inuit Circumpolar Council. She received a PhD in Law from University of British Columbia (Faculty of Law, 2002) and a Master of Arts in Law & Diplomacy (The Fletcher School) from Tufts University (1991). Presently, she is a Senior Scholar and Special Advisor on Arctic Indigenous Peoples, University of Alaska Anchorage, where she was an Assistant Professor of International Relations. Dr. Dorough was Chairperson (2014) and an Expert Member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (2010-2016); and is now co-Chair of the International Law Association (ILA) Committee on Implementation of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Pavel Shermanau

Pavel Shermanau is a Programme Officer of the IPCC TFI TSU and is responsible for Energy and Industrial Processes Sectors. Before joining the IPCC TFI TSU Mr. Shermanau has worked for the Ministry of Environment of Belarus as a Deputy Head of Hydrometeorology Department and was responsible for climate change policy, GHG inventory and national submissions. He took part in development of several annual GHG inventories (Energy Sector), national communications of Belarus and regional climate change projects. He participated in major UNFCCC and IPCC meetings (COP, SB, IPCC) as a national representative and as the IPCC TFI TSU Programme officer. <br /><br /><br />
He holds a M.Sc. in Environmental Governance (Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Germany) and a Diploma with honours in Environmental Protection (Belarus Technological University).<br /><br /><br />

Jim Skea

Centre for Environmental Policy

Jim Skea is Co-Chair of IPCC WG III and Professor of Sustainable Energy at Imperial College London with research interests in energy, climate change and technological innovation. He was Research Director of the UK Energy Research Centre 2004-12 and Director of the Policy Studies Institute 1998-2004. He has operated at the interface between research, policy-making and business throughout his career. He was a member of the UK Committee on Climate Change from its inception in 2008 until 2018. He is currently chairing Scotland’s Just Transition Commission. Until June 2017, he was President of the UK Energy Institute. He was awarded a CBE for services to sustainable energy in 2013 and an OBE for services to sustainable transport in 2004.

Raphael SLADE

Imperial College London

Raphael Slade is Head of TSU (Science) for IPCC WG III. As the TSU’s head of science, Raphael has overall responsibility for scientific support to the Working Group III Bureau and dealing with inquiries relating to the scientific aspects of IPCC reports relevant to climate mitigation. He oversees the science team and takes the lead in the scientific aspects of planning for relevant IPCC meetings.

Youba Sokona

South Centre

Youba Sokona was elected Vice-Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in October 2015. Prior to this, Youba Sokona was Co-Chair of IPCC Working Group III on the mitigation of climate change for the Fifth Assessment Report after serving as a Lead Author since 1990. Youba Sokona is currently the Special Advisor for Sustainable Development at the South Centre. With over 40 years of experience addressing energy, environment and sustainable development in Africa, Youba Sokona is a well-known, leading global figure. In addition to these achievements, Youba Sokona has a proven track record of organisational leadership and management, for example as Coordinator of the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) and as Executive Secretary of the Sahara and the Sahel Observatory (OSS). Youba Sokona’s advice is highly sought after, and as such, he is affiliated with numerous boards and organisations, including as a Member of the Board for the Institute of Development Studies, Honorary Professor at the University College London (UCL), and as a Special Advisor to the African Energy Leaders Group. In short, Youba Sokona is a global figure, with deep technical knowledge, extensive policy experience and an unreserved personal commitment to African led development.<br /><br />
<br /><br />
Youba Sokona occupe, depuis octobre 2015, le poste de vice-président du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC). Dr Youba Sokona a d’abord occupé la fonction de co-président groupe de travail III du GIEC sur l’atténuation des changements climatiques pour le cinquième rapport d’évaluation après l’avoir dirigé depuis 1990. Il est actuellement le conseiller spécial sur le développement durable au Centre Sud (South Centre). Forte de plus de 40 ans d’expérience dans le domaine de l’énergie, de l’environnement et du développement durable en Afrique, le Dr Youba Sokona est une figure mondiale bien connue et de premier plan. En plus de ses réalisations, il a fait ses preuves en matière de leadership organisationnel et de gestion, par exemple en tant que coordinateur du Centre africain pour la politique climatique (ACPC) et secrétaire exécutif de l’Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel (OSS). Ses conseils sont très recherchés, et à ce titre, il est affilié à de nombreux conseils d’administration et organisations, notamment en tant que membre du conseil d’administration de l’Institute of Development Studies, professeur honoraire à l’University College London (UCL), et conseiller spécial auprès de l’African Energy Leaders Group. En bref, le Dr Youba Sokona est une personnalité mondiale, dotée de connaissances techniques approfondies, d’une vaste expérience politique et d’un engagement personnel sans réserve en faveur du développement de l’Afrique.

Martin Sommerkorn


Martin Sommerkorn is Head of Conservation for the WWF Arctic Programme. He is a Coordinating Lead Author of the Polar Regions Chapter (Chapter 3) of the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate. He brings science underscoring the role of nature for social-ecological resilience to the policy-making table and leads work on the conservation and governance of Arctic ecosystems. In his first career as an Arctic ecosystem scientist, Martin gathered first-hand experience of the Arctic’s unique places, peoples and concerns while working in Siberia, Alaska, Greenland, Svalbard, and Scandinavia. Martin was lead author for several Arctic Council assessments.

Kiyoto Tanabe

Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI)

Kiyoto Tanabe is a Co-Chair of the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (TFI) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He majored in meteorology in the Graduate School of the University of Tokyo in Japan and got an MSc degree (geophysics) in 1993 with a master thesis on analysis of CO2 uptake by ocean using a two-layer upwelling-diffusion model. He joined the Technical Support Unit of the IPCC TFI in 1999, and assumed the position of Head of the Unit from April 2013 to October 2015. He has been engaged in various international activities including development of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, UNFCCC Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention, etc. At the 42th Session of IPCC in October 2015, he was elected as a Co-Chair of the IPCC TFI.

Adelle Thomas

University of The Bahamas; Climate Analytics

Dr. Adelle Thomas is a Lead Author of the IPCC Special Report on 1.5C and the IPCC AR6 WG2. She is a Visiting Researcher at University of The Bahamas and Senior Research Associate at Climate Analytics. As a human-environment geographer, her research focuses on the particular vulnerabilities, adaptation potentials and limits to adaptation for small island developing states. Her work has examined the potential of insurance as an adaptation strategy; knowledge, awareness and perception of the public about climate change; assessing opportunities, barriers and limits to adaptation; challenges facing small islands in managing loss and damage; and adaptation planning in small islands. Adelle has worked for several years on intersections between climate change adaptation, environmental protection and development and works with governments throughout the Caribbean to improve holistic responses to environmental change.

Claudia Thyme

Claudia V. Thyme is the Director of Emerging Markets Development of AXA XL, a division of AXA. Ms. Thyme started her career as a communications and marketing consultant, advising companies across different industries on change management strategies. She holds a BA from Georgetown University, Washington D.C. and an MBA from City University London Business School. She did lead global teams and acted as advisor to global and regional business leaders. Ms. Thyme successfully formulated and executed strategies to drive business development and market penetration. She has broad experience working with both mature and emerging re/insurance markets, including Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Ms. Thyme has more than twenty years’ experience in the insurance industry, 11 of those with AXA XL. In the role of Director Emerging Markets Development, Ms. Thyme explores and executes opportunities that increase resilience and drive continued growth in emerging markets, by driving (re)insurance penetration. She is also a Diversity & Inclusion sponsor, member of the Global Corporate Social Responsibility Committee and Chair of the Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) Corporate Social Responsibility Committee.

Nathalie Unterstell

Natalie Unterstell is a climate change policy expert and a former negotiator rom Brazil, currently serving as a member of the Talanoa think and do tank. As director of sustainable development at the Presidency of Brazil, Natalie led the ambitious Brazil 2040 climate adaptation program, which aimed to climate-proof critical sectors of the country's economy, including coastal zones. She participated in formulating the first national adaptation plan as well as in negotiations of loss and damage at the UNFCCC level. Prior to that, she was the head of the climate and forests unit at the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment and lead-negotiator for her country on REDD+ issues at UNFCCC. She holds a Master in Public Administration from Harvard John F. Kennedy School of Government and a bachelor in Business Administration from Fundacao Getulio Vargas.



Renée Van Diemen is a Senior Scientist with the IPCC Working Group III Technical Support Unit, where she supports the delivery of IPCC reports. Her research interests are climate change mitigation and policy. Prior to this, she was part of the Energy Strategy Fellowship team for the UK Research Councils, which was tasked with carrying out a large-scale research project on comparing the effectiveness of national energy innovation systems across the world. Her research focused on energy innovation, and the use of patent metrics to measure low-carbon innovation. She holds an MSc in Environmental Technology from Imperial College London, where she specialised in energy policy.

Louis Verchot

International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)

Lou Verchot is a Principal Scientist and Leader of the Land Restoration Group at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). He works on forestry and agriculture issues with a climate change focus. He currently leads the SERVIR-Amazonia initiative bringing NASA satellite technology to Amazonian decision makers to help them address deforestation, drought, fire, and economic development. Lou also leads an effort to improve data availability, transparency, and national reporting to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. He has worked with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) since 2003, and recently was a lead author on the Special Report on Climate Change and Land.
He previously worked at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) as Director of Forests and Environment, leading that institutions research effort on REDD+. Prior to that, he worked at the International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) on land restoration and carbon sequestration research in East and West Africa.

Karina Von Shuckmann

Mercator Ocean International

Karina von Schuckmann is an oceanographer specialized in ocean climate monitoring. She is a Lead Author on Chapter 1 of the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate, and a lead Author on Chapter 2 of the AR6 WG1 report. She is currently living and working at Mercator Ocean International in Toulouse, France, from where she is also chairing the activities of the Copernicus Marine Service Ocean State Report. Her main research interests are the role of the ocean in the Earth’s climate system and its interaction within, the ocean’s changes and underlying processes involved, and how they can be best observed, monitored and estimated. Karina’s scientific career started more than 13 years ago in Kiel, Germany, where she graduated from Christian Albrechts University and shortly after also defended her Ph.D. thesis about the ocean climate variations in the tropical Atlantic. Last year, Karina von Schuckmann received the IMAREST Denny Silver Gilt Medal, which is awarded to the best paper published in each of the Journal of Marine Engineering and Technology (JMET) and the Journal of Operational Oceanography (JOO).

Philippus Wester

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

Philippus (Flip) Wester joined ICIMOD in March 2013 as Chief Scientist, Water Resources Management, and was appointed Regional Programme Manager of ICIMOD’s Mountain Knowledge and Action Networks (MKAN) in 2018. He is the Coordinator of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme (HIMAP), which has produced the first Comprehensive Assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya: Action to Sustain a Global Asset (www.hi-map.org). He is the Principal Investigator and Project Leader of Himalayan Adaptation, Water and Resilience (HI-AWARE) Research on Glacier and Snowpack Dependent River Basins for Improving Livelihoods (www.hi-aware.org). Wester has actively contributed to developing and expanding the Himalayan University Consortium (HUC) and to improving the quality of scientific research at ICIMOD. He was Chair of the centre’s Publication and Outreach Committee (POUT) from 2014 to 2018. His work focuses on climate change adaptation, and land and water resources management from an integrated and transdisciplinary perspective, with attention to the politics and governance of water resources, river basin management, water reform and allocation processes, and irrigation water management. Trained as an interdisciplinary water management researcher with a PhD in water resources management from Wageningen University, he has 25 years of professional experience, in which he has developed a thorough understanding of the interrelationships between the social, technical, political, and physical dimensions of climate change adaptation and water resources management.

Panmao Zhai

China Meteorological Administration

Panmao Zhai is Co-Chair of the Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the Sixth Assessment Report cycle. He is a well-known Chinese climatologist. He is a research professor and PhD advisor in the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, the largest multi-disciplinary and comprehensive research institution on atmospheric sciences in China. He has more than 30-years working experience in climate change and variability studies. He has published more than 100 papers in Chinese and English. He has developed the Global Climate Monitoring and Diagnostic System and established the ENSO Monitoring and Prediction System in China. Such contributions have effectively supported China National Climate Centre's operational activities and services. Currently, as a Chief Scientist, he is leading a group of excellent meteorologists, studying the formation mechanism and prediction method for persistent extreme events in China.

Zinta Zommers

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

Zinta Zommers is a Lead Author of the IPCC Special Report on Land and Food Security, the first Latvian IPCC author. She is specialist in environmental change, climate change adaptation, and resilience and risk reduction. She is currently the Head of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance for Mercy Corps, an international non-governmental organization providing humanitarian relief in over 40 countries. Between 2012 and 2017, Zinta worked with the United Nations – first with the Chief Scientist’s Office of UN Environment in Kenya and later with the Food and Agriculture Organization in Sierra Leone. In 2015 she jointed the UN Secretary General’s Climate Change Support Team, contributing to the negotiation of the Paris Agreement. Zinta has a M.Phil. in Development Studies and a D.Phil. in Zoology from the University of Oxford, where she was a Rhodes scholar and a Junior Research Fellow. She has authored two books on early warning systems and adaptation to climate change.

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